Catechism Q5

How much does God know? 

God knows everything! 

Then Jesus’ disciples said, “Now you are speaking plainly. You are using examples that are clear.  Now we can see that you know everything. You don’t even need anyone to ask you questions. This makes us believe that you came from God.”

John 16:29-30 (NIrV)

Jesus spoke to him a third time. He asked, “Simon, son of John, do you love me?”

Peter felt bad because Jesus asked him the third time, “Do you love me?” He answered, “Lord, you know all things. You know that I love you.”

Jesus said, “Feed my sheep.

John 21:17 (NIrV)

If our hearts judge us, we know that God is greater than our hearts. And he knows everything.

1 John 3:20 (NIrV)

So far, we have seen that there is one true God, who exists in three Persons. Question five teaches us that God knows all things. He is omniscient [omnishuh nt], or all-knowing.

Theologians disagree about how exactly the Lord knows everything.

Is God like an observer, standing outside time and viewing it all, as one might look down at a village in a valley from the top of a mountain, where the houses in the village are moments in time, all laid out before Him?

Or does God know the future because He has declared it? Does He know all things because He is the Author of the universe’s story? This certainly seems to be what the Bible teaches. The Lord is portrayed in Scripture as not only an observer but as the Author; yet He did not just pre-determine what would happen and then sit back.

The Bible presents God as intimately involved in the narrative of the world. And of course, the ultimate example of His involvement is in the person of Jesus Christ–God in the flesh, who entered into our world to experience humanity firsthand and save us from ourselves.

God is the God who knows us, both by virtue of being our Designer, as well as by His own experience.

What does all this mean for you and your family? It means many things, but among them is the truth that God really knows you–not just about you. If you are His child, if you are part of His family, then He knows you as a Father. Everything you have ever thought, said and done–and all that you ever will–is laid out before the Lord who wrote your story and knows everything.

He has been providing for you since the moment you were conceived. This is the God who invites you and your children into a relationship with Himself–as His servant, as His subject, but also as His child and His friend.

As the New Covenant Catechism for Little Ones progresses, we will get into the weeds of the human story, what went wrong with us, what is our only hope, and how to enjoy a relationship with the all-knowing God. Stay tuned. And again, if this has been helpful to you, your family, or your church, please let me know in the comments.

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