Catechism Q2: Is there more than one true God?

Is there more than one true God?


Israel, listen to me. The Lord is our God. The Lord is the one and only God.

Deuteronomy 6:4 (NIrV)

I wanted you to understand that I am the one and only God. Before me, there was no other god at all. And there will not be any god after me.

Isaiah 43:10b (NIrV)

You are my witnesses. Is there any other God but me? No! There is no other Rock. I do not know even one.

Isaiah 44:8b (NIrV)

The Bible makes it clear, over and over again, that there is one God. There is one great King who sits on the universe’s throne. Sure, there are many false claimants to God’s throne–many who are called “gods”–but there is only one true God. In a way, this makes Christianity a very simple faith. And it sets Christianity against a litany of other religious options, such as…

  • Polytheism–(ancient paganism and modern Hinduism) teaches that there are many gods and spirits, who must be appealed to for different needs. However the Bible teaches one God, who supplies all our needs.
  • Henotheism (ancient regional religions and similar to Mormonism) teaches that there are many gods, but only one “for us.” Yet the Bible says that there is only one God, and He is God of all, and must be worshiped by all.
  • Pluralism (modern, Western political correctness) teaches that all views of God are equally valid. However, the Bible teaches that there is only one correct view of God, and that is the view He Himself reveals to us.
  • Gnosticism and Arianism (practiced in the first few centuries A.D. and similar to what Jehovah’s Witnesses believe) teach that there is one high God, and at least one created, demi-god under Him. Yet the Bible teaches that there is only One deserving of the title “God,” and that is the uncreated God, the Lord, the Creator of everything.

Whether or not someone subscribes to one of the religions mentioned above, our modern world is filled with false gods–as my son Cubby and I call them, “pretend gods.” Scripture calls them idols.

An idol–a pretend god–is not just something you bow down in front of. Tim Keller defines an idol this way:

It is anything more important to you than God, anything that absorbs your heart and imagination more than God, anything you seek to give you what only God can give…

An idol is whatever you look at and say, in your heart of hearts, “If I have that, then I’ll feel my life has meaning, then I ‘ll know I have value, then I’ll feel significant and secure.” There are many ways to describe that kind of relationship to something, but perhaps the best one is worship.

We are tempted to give our hearts over to false “gods” every day. That’s why this basic, biblical truth, summed up in just one short word, is so important: “Is there more than one true God? No!


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